The traditional teachings, values, and cultures of the American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) people perpetuate an understanding of a holistic life process. Such teachings include gathering, growing and eating traditional foods, physical activities, and strong social support within their communities which provided the foundation for fostering a healthy lifestyle.
According to a 2009 report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) [Obesity Prevalence Among Low-Income, Preschool-Aged Children- United States, 1998-2008. MMWR Weekly], 31.2% of AI/AN four year olds are currently obese, which is a rate higher than any other racial or ethnic group studied.
In June 2009, the Obesity Prevention and Strategies for Native Youth Initiative was launched by the National Indian Health Board (NIHB) as an effective and innovative way to address childhood obesity among AI/AN youth. Urged by Tribal Leaders and Tribal Organizations, NIHB is now leading the effort to reverse the devastating impacts of this epidemic for Indian Country.Steps taken to address the issue:
In December 2009, the NIHB held the 1st National Obesity Prevention and Strategies for Native Youth meeting in Denver, Colorado. The goal of this meeting was to bring together experts in the field of childhood obesity and begin a national discussion on the issue. Experts in attendance included representatives from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Indian Health Service, WebMD, Kaiser Permanente, Head Start, the University of Colorado at Denver, the University of California at Davis, the National Institute of Health, the Notah Begay III Foundation, and the Tribal Chairman from the Grand Traverse Band of Indians. NIHB guided the formation of workgroups to address the specific areas of the initiative including media development, research synthesizing, web-based forum development, and the development of a Youth Advisory Council.
August 8, 2011 -
The National Indian Health Board (NIHB) hosted a focus group/talking circle with youth, ages 13-17, from the Pascua Yaqui Tribe of Arizona. The focus group was attended by sixteen local youth who provided NIHB with current issues in their community that contribute to the increasing rate of childhood obesity. The NIHB has been hosting a series of meetings with youth ages 13-17 from five regions of the country to inform the agency on strategies to address childhood obesity prevention. Topics have included changes in the built environment in rural and urban settings, policy changes regarding school nutrition and community stores, and social networking targeted at generating discussion among youths about healthy living. The information collected will be shared with the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation upon completion. Please join NIHB in applauding our budding leaders from the Pascua Yaqui Tribe!
The National Indian Health Board applauds the Office of the First Lady’s Let’s Move! Initiative and four federal agencies for the launch of Let’s Move! in Indian Country (LMIC) this month. LMIC is an initiative to support and amplify the work that tribal leaders and community members are already doing to improve the health of American Indian and Alaska Native children. As a part of First Lady Michelle Obama’s Let’s Move! initiative, LMIC brings together federal agencies, communities, nonprofits, corporate partners and tribes to end the epidemic of childhood obesity in Indian Country within a generation. NIHB Chairperson, Cathy Abramson (Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians Councilwoman and NIHB Bemidji Representative), “With childhood obesity rates for American Indian and Alaska Native children far more severe than any other group in America, the National Indian Health Board applauds the First Lady for her vision and commitment to America’s children and our children. NIHB, further, congratulates the Menominee Nation for this great opportunity to be the messenger of awareness for our People, especially our children, on this critical matter. Miigwech!”
The LMIC initiative was launched on May 25, 2011 at 10:00 a.m. (CDT) at an event at the Menominee Nation in Keshena, Wisconsin where Interior Assistant Secretary – Indian Affairs Larry Echo Hawk was joined by the Office of the First Lady Let’s Move! Initiative Executive Director Robin Schepper, White House Office of Public Engagement and Intergovernmental Affairs Associate Director Charlie Galbraith, USDA Deputy Administrator for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Lisa Pino, and IHS Director for Improving Patient Care Program Lyle A. Ignace M.D., M.P.H.
Randal Chevalier, Menominee Tribal Chairman, was an integral component of the planning committee, commented on the launch of LMIC; “We are absolutely honored to be the launch site for this important national campaign for Indian Country. I can attest that there is no better place for this initiative. As you know, Menominee County/Reservation ranks 72 out of 72 in health factors and outcomes, associated with high diabetes and heart disease rates. Becoming a healthier community starts with our children, so I am delighted that we can address these issues in such a big way.”
The LMIC campaign is designed to address four main goals: to create a healthy start on life, to develop healthy learning communities, to increase physical activity, and to foster healthy comprehensive food system policies. A useful toolkit was put together for individuals, schools, pre-schools, before and after school programs, private organizations, tribal nations, community groups, committees, councils, fundraising coordinators, administrators and management, urban Indian centers, tribal leaders, local elected officials or anyone interested in helping American Indian/Alaska Native children combat obesity.
The toolkit is organized into the four main goals of LMIC. The contents of each step are briefly outlined at the start of each section. From there, various programs and funding opportunities are explained in further detail, often with step-by-step guides and checklists for accessing these resources. Many opportunities are straight forward and easy to implement, such as creating a community garden. Find the resources that best fit your community‘s needs and can be accessed with your operational capacity. The initiative targets Native American youth to introduce them to and help them sustain a lifestyle filled with physical activity and healthy nutrition. The primary goal is to increase levels of physical activity across the nation to effectively put an end to childhood obesity in a generation’s time.
In addition to the toolkit and resource guide, LMIC strives to build on the strength of tradition in Native communities, and to address the health crisis that young American Indians and Alaska Natives are facing. Tribal governments, Urban Indian Centers, private businesses and the non-profit sector are each asked to play a key role by signing up to make commitments in each of our four target areas and working together to raise the next generation of healthy Native children through LMIC.
To learn how to become a LMIC Community, please refer the Call to Action for Indian Country: http://www.letsmove.gov/sites/letsmove.gov/files/LMIC_CalltoActionFinal.pdf
This document outlines the specific opportunities each Tribal community has in helping to combat childhood obesity. In support of LMIC, NIHB has signed a formal commitment form with the First lady’s Let’s Move! office and is dedicated to promoting the four main goals of LMIC. NIHB will continue to pursue ways to develop, promote and educate the LMIC main goals in all 565 federally recognized tribal communities.
First Lady Michelle Obama today announced an ambitious national goal of solving the challenge of childhood obesity within a generation so that children born today will reach adulthood at a healthy weight and unveiled a nationwide campaign – Let’s Move – to help achieve it.
“The physical and emotional health of an entire generation and the economic health and security of our nation is at stake,” said Mrs. Obama. “This isn’t the kind of problem that can be solved overnight, but with everyone working together, it can be solved. So, let’s move.”
To view the White House Press Video click here.
As part of its efforts to raise the profile of childhood obesity in Indian Country and develop solutions for the problem, the National Indian Health Board has developed a position paper on childhood obesity. To view the document, click here.
On May 11, 2010, the White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity released its report to the President: “Solving the Problem of Childhood Obesity Within a Generation” The National Indian Health Board submitted comments to the task force to address American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) issues in response to a Federal Register notice. To view a copy of the report click here. To view a summary of the AI/AN provisions produced by NIHB, click here.
For more information, contact National Indian Health Board Legislative Assistant Dennis Worden at 202-507-4087.
Prior to adjourning for the Spring Recess, the Senate passed S.RES.412, which designates September as Childhood Obesity Awareness Month. Senator Kirsten Gillibrand of New York and Senator George Voinovich of Ohio cosponsored the Senate resolution that raises awareness of childhood obesity by designating “September as Childhood Obesity Awareness Month.” The resolution calls on Federal, Tribal, state and local governments to recognize the month and create programs and activities to address childhood obesity.
Click here to view S. RES. 412 – Designating September 2010 as “National Childhood Obesity Awareness Month”
Representative Marcia Fudge of Ohio has introduced a similar resolution in the House of Representatives, H.RES.996. Representative Fudge’s bill calls for similar action, and notes the epidemic in Indian Country, citing 39.5 percent of American Indian and Alaska Native children ages 2-5 are overweight or obese.
Click here to view H. RES. 996 – Expressing Support for designation of September as National Childhood Obesity Awareness Month
The National Indian Health Board submitted comments and recommendations on the Task Force on Childhood Obesity specific to the Federal Register notice March 16, 2010, Docket USDA -2010-0001 on behalf of all youth and community members of Tribes nationwide. The document consists of a cover letter, the NIHB response to Federal Register Notice, and the NIHB childhood obesity survey conducted in December 2009. The NIHB also shared this document with the White House Office of Public Engagement and the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
Click here to access the NIHB Comments and Recommendations for the Childhood Obesity Task Force.
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