Re-Entry Population Programming Toolkit

Time spent in prison or jail can impact people in a variety of ways. We do know that prolonged separation from family, friends, social networks, employment, and cultural and spiritual practices can not only adversely impact a personal emotional and psychological well-being, but also make it more difficult when seeking to re-integrate themselves into the same communities from which they were removed. The stress of this re-integration can cause people recently released from prison or jail to turn unhealthy coping mechanisms, or even return to the practices that caused their arrest previously. Reentry programs seek to work with these people to ease the transition back into the community. Reentry programming can look different for each community and for each person – depending on available resources and presenting needs. This toolkit seeks to bring together some resources for American Indian and Alaska Native communities to explore how best to work with their re-entering community members in a respect and effective manner.

This toolkit contains:

  • Articles – NIHB researched and published a series of articles on re-entry programming
  • Additional Resources – a variety of resources that Tribes may use to work with people recently released from jail or prison


These articles were a series that looked at successful reentry strategies with a special focus on offenders with a history of substance abuse, including methamphetamine use. The National Indian Health Board ran this series in the Visions newsletter between 2013 and 2014.

Additional Resources


Behavioral Health Inquiries:

Nathan Billy, MEd, LPC
Director of Behavioral Health Programs

National Indian Health Board
910 Pennsylvania Ave, SE
Washington, DC 20003
Phone: 202-996-4165
[email protected]


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